Tax footprint

Suominen’s tax footprint represents the economic impact on society arising from Suominen’s operations in the countries where it operates. Suominen’s business operations result in liabilities to pay taxes and similar payments, as well as in a liability to collect and remit taxes and similar payments that arise purely from the business activities of the group companies.

Suominen has a tax policy as well as tax guidelines approved by the Board of Directors of Suominen. In line with its Code of Conduct, Suominen is committed to operating in a responsible way and to complying with ethically acceptable principles in all its activities. This includes fulfilling all reporting requirements and paying all legally imposed direct, indirect and other taxes. Suominen aims to fully comply with all statutory requirements and compliance deadlines in the countries where it operates.

Suominen seeks to carry out reasonable and fair tax planning and tax compliance in a manner that enables it to maintain a stable and supportable tax position. When it comes to the Group’s tax obligations, the main target is to identify and acknowledge the fiscal status and obligations of the Group in advance. No artificial tax driven arrangements are carried out and all transactions are business driven.

Suominen’s tax footprint arises purely from the business operations in the countries where it operates and Suominen has not entered into any arrangements aiming to change or rearrange its tax burden from what arises from normal business operations. The trading of goods between Suominen group companies is extremely limited, and basically the group companies sell the products they manufacture directly to the end customer. Due to the business model, Suominen pays corporate income taxes in the countries where the value from its production is created.

The group companies receiving intra-group services are charged a service fee. The pricing of the service fee is in line with the arm’s-length principle.

Suominen has companies only in those five countries – Brazil, Finland, Italy, Spain and the United States – where it has both production and sales operations. In respect of taxes and similar payments, Suominen complies with the laws and regulations of each country.

The main markets of the Finnish group companies are abroad. Due to this, the export sales of these companies significantly exceed their domestic sales. No value added tax is levied on export sales, which leads into a situation where the Finnish group companies’ deductible value added tax on their purchases subject to value added tax is considerably higher than the value added tax they remit based on their taxable sales. As a result, Suominen receives a refund of value added tax in Finland.

Suominen’s tax footprint includes not only the taxes and similar payments that are the group companies’ costs but also the taxes and similar payments which the group companies collect and remit, such as indirect taxes. Deferred taxes, which arise from the timing differences between taxation and accounting and are recognized in the financial statements, are not included in the tax footprint.

In 2022, Suominen employed on average 707 people (FTEs) in its operations. As a result, Suominen generated a positive economic contribution to the surrounding society in the form of employees’ income taxes, as well as social security contributions by both the company and the employees. Thus, Suominen’s tax footprint includes also the collected and remitted employees’ income taxes as well as social security contributions, but the employer’s taxes are clearly separated from the employees’ taxes and payments in the report.

Suominen’s corporate income taxes are significantly affected by tax losses generated in certain countries where Suominen operates. Based on local tax laws and regulations, tax losses are normally carried forward and deducted from the taxable profits generated in the future. Suominen is subject to group tax consolidation methods in several countries based on each country’s tax laws and regulations, which effectively means that Suominen’s local companies are taxed on the local consolidated taxable income.

The group companies also pay property and real estate taxes based on the land and buildings they own, environmental and energy taxes as well as different fiscal payments levied, for example, on manufacturing operations. Suominen does not consider these as indirect taxes to be collected and remitted but as taxes that are costs for the group companies.

Certain countries where Suominen operates grant eligible companies tax credits, for example in the form of additional depreciation and amortization of assets. The granted tax credits can in some countries be used in offsetting them against different tax or similar payments. 

EUR thousand 



Taxes and similar payments borne  Finland  Other countries  Finland  Other countries 
Corporate income tax, tax on profit  -1,318  -3,460  -1,166  -3,678 
Property taxes*  -75  -1,277  -73  -975 
Employer contributions and taxes  -1,853  -10,592  -1,727  -9,807 
VAT as expense  -20  -3  -20  -4 
Custom duties on export**  -5  -15 
Custom duties on import**  -463  -1,785  -342  -1,835 
Excise duties  -119  -250  63  -458 
Other taxes and similar payments  -40  -322  -28  -320 
Received tax credits  2,659 
TOTAL  -3,888  -15,035  -3,294  -17,093 
Taxes and similar payments collected and paid  Finland  Other countries  Finland  Other countries 
Net VAT  3,323  -6,962  3,242  -7,786 
Payroll taxes and similar payments collected and paid  -3,588  -9,374  -3,417  -8,764 
Withholding taxes on various payments  -453  -122  -791  -113 
TOTAL  -718  -16,457  -967  -16,664 

*Taxes on real estates 
**Custom Duties are borne by the company importing or exporting goods. Custom Duties are not collected and/or paid by some other tax payer. For these reasons Custom Duties are reported as taxes borne.